Introduction and objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the utility of thrombolytic therapy administered outside tertiary hospital.
Methods: We analyzed 80 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the emergency area of primary hospital within 24 hours after the onset of symptoms and lastly transported to a coronary care unit (CCU) of a reference hospital. The thrombolytic protocol was performed by medicine department of primary hospital and the CCU of reference hospital.
Results: 23 patients without (group A) and 57 with (group B) fibrinolytic therapy (APSAC 50 patients and streptokinase 7 patients) were analyzed. Group A patient were older (mean: 67 +/- 11 vs mean: 62 +/- 10 years; p = 0.01), and arrived later to emergency area (mean 254 +/- 284 vs mean 163 SD 161 min; p = 0.04) and to the coronary care unit (mean 561 +/- 371 vs mean 334 +/- 177 min; p = 0.0002). The guard physician decision to start or not the fibrinolytic therapy, was adequate in 86% of the patients (sensitivity 87%, predictive positive value 95%, specificity 83%). Complications on emergency area or during transport in group B were ventricular fibrillation in 9%, AV block (2-3 degree) in 9%, severe nonsustained ventricular arrhythmia in 11% and transitory hypotension in 23%. No death occurred before CCU admission. In group B, 35% patients was treated within the first 2 hours. The average time gain was 124 min (thrombolysis administration--CCU admission).
Conclusion: On emergency area of primary hospital, thrombolytic therapy is feasible and safe when administered by well-equipped and well-trained medical emergence area and ambulance staff.