Effects of endurance exercise on bone histomorphometric parameters in intact and ovariectomized rats

Bone Miner. 1994 Aug;26(2):133-40. doi: 10.1016/s0169-6009(08)80058-x.


Physical activity is important for maintenance of bone mass. The effects of exercise on bone histomorphometry were studied in 9-month-old intact (INT) and ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The rats were either kept sedentary (SED) or were exercised (EX) on a treadmill at 21 m/min for 1 h/day 5 days/week for 3 months. Bone resorption as well as formation parameters were significantly higher in OVX-SED than in INT-SED rats, indicating increased bone turnover in OVX rats. In OVX rats, lower osteoclast perimeter and number, lower labeled perimeter but higher mineral apposition rate (MAR) and bone formation rate (BFR) were associated with higher trabecular bone in OVX-EX compared with OVX-SED rats. In intact rats, trabecular bone mass and osteoclast number and perimeter were not affected by exercise. Labeled perimeter was slightly lower while MAR was higher and BFR was insignificantly higher in INT-EX than in INT-SED rats. Thus, exercise resulted in fewer resorption-formation sites, as indicated by lower labeled perimeter, but higher activity of individual osteoblasts, as indicated by higher MAR, both in estrogen-depleted and estrogen-replete states.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Density / physiology*
  • Bone Development / physiology*
  • Bone Resorption
  • Bone and Bones / anatomy & histology
  • Bone and Bones / physiology*
  • Cell Count
  • Computer Simulation
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Estrogens / deficiency
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Osteoblasts / physiology
  • Osteoclasts / physiology
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / physiopathology
  • Ovariectomy
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Estrogens