First evaluation of technetium-99m dimercaptopropionyl albumin as a possible tracer agent for ventriculography in a volunteer

Eur J Nucl Med. 1994 Sep;21(9):906-12. doi: 10.1007/BF00238113.


Technetium-99m labelled red blood cells (99mTc-RBCs) are the standard radiopharmaceutical for radionuclide ventriculography but suffer from some practical disadvantages such as risk of viral contamination and lengthy preparation (in vitro labelling) or poor labelling efficiency due to patient medication interactions (in vivo labelling). 99mTc-labelled human serum albumin (HSA) is not really a valuable alternative as the activity diffuses too rapidly out of the vascular space due to the weak binding of the radionuclide. We have modified HSA by reaction with N-hydroxysuccinimidyl 2,3-di(S-acetylmercapto)propionate (SAMP) to introduce a varying number of 2,3-dimercaptopropionyl (DMP) side chains. The resulting DMP-HSA can be rapidly labelled with 99mTc at room temperature by simple addition of stannous ions and eluate of a 99mTc generator. After evaluation in mice and rabbits, two different 99mTc-DMP-HSA preparations - obtained after reaction of SAMP with albumin in a molar ratio of, respectively, 8:1 and 16:1 - were tested in a volunteer and compared to 99mTc-RBCs. The blood time-activity curves of the three preparations were quite similar but both 99mTc-DMP-HSA preparations were excreted much less into the urine than 99mTc-RBCs. Ventriculography was performed with the three tracer agents, each time with a 1-week interval. In the three studies, the heart was clearly visualized and the left and right ventricle could be easily delineated. The ejection fractions obtained after administration of the three preparations were similar. With both 99mTc-DMP-HSA preparations the low activity in the spleen was a distinct advantage and facilitated delineation of the left ventricle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Erythrocytes
  • Humans
  • Isotope Labeling
  • Male
  • Radionuclide Ventriculography*
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds*
  • Technetium Tc 99m Aggregated Albumin*
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Technetium Tc 99m Aggregated Albumin
  • technetium Tc99m-dimercaptopropionyl albumin