pH-dependent and carrier-mediated transport of salicylic acid across Caco-2 cells

J Pharm Pharmacol. 1994 Jul;46(7):567-70. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.1994.tb03858.x.


The transport of monocarboxylic acid drugs such as salicylic acid was examined in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line, Caco-2 cells that possess intestinal epithelia-like properties. [14C]Salicylic acid transport was pH-dependent and appeared to follow the pH-partition hypothesis. However, 10 mM unlabelled salicylic acid significantly reduced the permeability coefficient of [14C]salicylic acid. Kinetic analysis of the concentration dependence of the permeation rate of salicylic acid across Caco-2 cells showed both saturable (Kt = 5.28 +/- 0.72 mM Jmax = 36.6 +/- 3.54 nmol min-1 (mg protein)-1) and nonsaturable (kd = 0.37 +/- 0.08 microL min-1 (mg protein)-1) processes. The permeation rate of [14C]salicylic acid was competitively inhibited by both acetic acid and benzoic acid, which were demonstrated in our previous studies to be transported in the carrier-mediated-transport mechanism which is responsible for monocarboxylic acids. Furthermore, certain monocarboxylic acids significantly inhibited [14C]salicylic acid transport, whereas salicylamide and dicarboxylic acids such as succinic acid did not. From these results, it was concluded that the transcellular transport of [14C]salicylic acid across Caco-2 cells is by the pH-dependent and carrier-mediated transport mechanism specific for monocarboxylic acids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / pharmacology
  • Acetic Acid
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / metabolism*
  • Benzoates / pharmacology
  • Benzoic Acid
  • Biological Transport, Active / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane Permeability / drug effects
  • Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Intestinal Absorption / drug effects
  • Linear Models
  • Salicylates / metabolism*
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Temperature
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Acetates
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Benzoates
  • Salicylates
  • Benzoic Acid
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Acetic Acid