Identification of two splice isoforms of mRNA for mouse hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF-4)

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Jan 2;1260(1):55-61. doi: 10.1016/0167-4781(94)00177-5.


Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF-4) is a liver-enriched transcription factor involved in the expression of many liver-specific genes. In the preceding communication (Hata, S., Tsukamoto, T. and Osumi, T. (1992) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1131, 211-213), we reported the presence of two isoforms of mRNA for HNF-4 in rat liver and kidney. The longer isoform contained a segment of 30 bases which was not present in the shorter one. As an initial step to determine whether or not other mammals have these mRNA isoforms, we isolated a cDNA for mouse HNF-4 using the rat HNF-4 gene as a probe. The cDNA had an open reading frame for a 465 amino acid polypeptide. The deduced amino acid sequence was remarkably conserved between mouse HNF-4 and rat HNF-4 (99.6% identical). Moreover, like the cDNA for the larger rat isoform, the mouse cDNA contained an extra segment of 30 bp in the coding region near the C-terminus. Blotting analyses showed that the mRNA is about 3.7 kb in size and that a single copy of the gene is present in the mouse genome. Next we carried out the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers located just upstream and downstream of the extra segment. Two PCR products were amplified from a mouse liver cDNA library. Determination of their nucleotide sequences proved that they exactly corresponded to the two rat isoforms. Finally, we amplified a DNA fragment (1.1 kb in size) from mouse genomic DNA using the same PCR primers as above. Its nucleotide sequence unequivocally confirmed that different splice donor sites were used to generate the two isoforms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Southern
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphoproteins*
  • RNA Splicing*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*


  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4
  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tcfl4 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors

Associated data

  • GENBANK/D29015
  • GENBANK/D31720