Post-exercise rehydration in man: effects of electrolyte addition to ingested fluids

Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1994;69(3):209-15. doi: 10.1007/BF01094790.


This study examined the effects on water balance of adding electrolytes to fluids ingested after exercise-induced dehydration. Eight healthy male volunteers were dehydrated by approximately 2% of body mass by intermittent cycle exercise. Over a 30-min period after exercise, subjects ingested one of the four test drinks of a volume equivalent to their body mass loss. Drink A was a 90 mmol.l-1 glucose solution; drink B contained 60 mmol.l-1 sodium chloride; drink C contained 25 mmol.l-1 potassium chloride; drink D contained 90 mmol.l-1 glucose, 60 mmol.l-1 sodium chloride and 25 mmol.l-1 potassium chloride. Treatment order was randomised. Blood and urine samples were obtained at intervals throughout the study; subjects remained fasted throughout. Plasma volume increased to the same extent after the rehydration period on all treatments. Serum electrolyte (Na+, K+ and Cl-) concentrations fell initially after rehydration before returning to their pre-exercise levels. Cumulative urine output was greater after ingestion of drink A than after ingestion of any of the other drinks. On the morning following the trial, subjects were in greater net negative fluid balance [mean (SEM); P < 0.02] on trial A [745 (130) ml] than on trials B [405 (51) ml], C [467 (87) ml] or D [407 (34) ml]. There were no differences at any time between the three electrolyte-containing solutions in urine output or net fluid balance. One hour after the end of the rehydration period, urine osmolality had fallen, with a significant treatment effect (P = 0.016); urine osmolality was lowest after ingestion of drink A.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chlorides / blood
  • Chlorides / urine
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Glucose / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Plasma Volume
  • Potassium / blood
  • Potassium / urine
  • Potassium Chloride / administration & dosage*
  • Rehydration Solutions / administration & dosage*
  • Sodium / blood
  • Sodium / urine
  • Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage*
  • Urine
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance


  • Chlorides
  • Rehydration Solutions
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Potassium Chloride
  • Sodium
  • Glucose
  • Potassium