Dynamic neck strength training effect on pain and function

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Jun;75(6):661-5. doi: 10.1016/0003-9993(94)90189-9.


This study examined whether neck resistance training could increase strength and reduce pain in workers with a high prevalence of neck disorders. Middle-aged women workers (n = 17) exercised twice weekly for 8 weeks. Each session (12min) consisted of three sets of 12 repetitions of resisted rotation, flexion, and extension muscles using hydraulic dampers. Resistance was set individually and progressively increased every second week. Angle-specific maximal isometric rotator, extensor, and flexor torque was measured before and after training. Torque during rotation, flexion and extension increased (p < .05) on average 35%, 27%, and 19%, respectively, after training. Perceived pain, assessed using a four-graded scale, was reduced (p < .05) after training. It is suggested that 12 minutes of specific neck strength training twice weekly for 8 weeks increases strength of rotator, extensor, and flexor muscles of the neck. Also all individuals who had pain reported reduced perceived neck pain after training.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Neck / physiology*
  • Pain / rehabilitation*