Isolation of the gene for McLeod syndrome that encodes a novel membrane transport protein

Cell. 1994 Jun 17;77(6):869-80. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(94)90136-8.


McLeod syndrome is an X-linked multisystem disorder characterized by abnormalities in the neuromuscular and hematopoietic systems. We have assembled a cosmid contig of 360 kb that encompasses the McLeod gene locus. A 50 kb deletion was detected by screening DNA from patients with radiolabeled whole cosmids, and two transcription units were identified within this deletion. The mRNA expression pattern of one of them, designated as XK, correlates closely to the McLeod phenotype. XK encodes a novel protein with structural characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic membrane transport proteins. Nucleotide sequence analysis of XK from two unrelated McLeod patients has identified point mutations at conserved splice donor and acceptor sites. These findings provide direct evidence that XK is responsible for McLeod syndrome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Neutral*
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast
  • DNA
  • Hematologic Diseases / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Kell Blood-Group System / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Point Mutation
  • Protein Conformation
  • Rats
  • Syndrome
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • X Chromosome


  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Neutral
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Kell Blood-Group System
  • Membrane Proteins
  • XK protein, human
  • DNA
  • Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z32684