Sandblasting and silica coating of a glass-infiltrated alumina ceramic: volume loss, morphology, and changes in the surface composition

J Prosthet Dent. 1994 May;71(5):453-61. doi: 10.1016/0022-3913(94)90182-1.


Silica coating can improve bonding of resin to glass-infiltrated aluminum oxide ceramic (In-Ceram), and sandblasting is a pretreatment to thermal silica coating (Silicoater MD system) or a tribochemical coating process (Rocatec system). This study evaluated the effects of sandblasting and coating techniques on volume loss, surface morphology, and surface composition of In-Ceram ceramic. Volume loss through sandblasting was 36 times less for In-Ceram ceramic compared with a feldspathic glass ceramic (IPS-Empress), and sandblasting of In-Ceram ceramic did not change its surface composition. After tribochemical coating with the Rocatec system, a layer of small silica particles remained that elevated the silica content to 19.7 weight percentage (energy-dispersive spectroscopy). Ultrasonic cleaning removed loose silica particles from the surface and decreased the silica content to 15.8 weight percentage, which suggested firm attachment of most of the silica layer to the surface. After treatment with the Silicoater MD system, the silica content increased only slightly from that of the sandblasted specimen. The silica layer created by these systems differs greatly in both morphology and thickness, which could result in different bond strengths. Sandblasting of all ceramic clinical restorations with feldspathic glass materials should be avoided, but for In-Ceram ceramic the volume loss was within an acceptable range and similar to that of noble metals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum Oxide / chemistry*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Ceramics
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry, Physical
  • Dental Bonding / methods*
  • Dental Porcelain / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Silicon Dioxide / chemistry*
  • Surface Properties


  • Dental Porcelain
  • In-Ceram
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Aluminum Oxide