[Leptospirosis in children in Rio do Janeiro]

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. Jan-Mar 1994;27(1):5-9. doi: 10.1590/s0037-86821994000100002.
[Article in Portuguese]

Abstract

In order to obtain data about clinical manifestations of symptomatic leptospiral infection in children, the authors reviewed 188 microscopic agglutination tests performed on sera of patients aged 0 to 12 years, made at the National Reference Laboratory of Leptospirosis (FIOCRUZ-RJ) from January 1983 to June 1991. Fifty two (27.6%) sera were positive. Twenty three (12.2%) children had serological evidence of acute infection. The most frequent signs and symptoms of these 23 cases were: fever (100%); myalgia (69.5%); headache (52.1%); jaundice (47.8%); vomit (34.8%); abdominal pain, hemorrhagic manifestations and impaired renal function (17.4%); conjunctivitis (13%); hepatomegaly (4.3%).

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Leptospira / immunology
  • Leptospirosis / diagnosis*
  • Leptospirosis / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Sex Distribution
  • Urban Population* / statistics & numerical data

Substances

  • Antibodies, Bacterial