Vascular malformations of the brain in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber disease)

Surg Neurol. 1994 May;41(5):374-80. doi: 10.1016/0090-3019(94)90030-2.


Six patients with vascular malformation of the brain in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) were reviewed to determine clinical and radiographic characteristics of these lesions. There were two patients with arteriovenous fistula (AVF), three with arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and one with multiple AVMs associated with AVF. Seizures were the most common presenting symptom (seen in three patients), and two of them had intracerebral hematomas (ICH). In the remainder, the malformations were incidentally found in the course of evaluation of other diseases. Their locations were variable, but the majority was superficially confined to the cerebral cortex. Arterial supply was from mostly one feeding artery that was a cortical branch of either anterior, middle, or posterior cerebral artery. In six of nine malformations, the venous drainage was through a superficial cerebral vein into either the superior sagittal sinus or transverse sinus. Direct surgery was done on two patients with ICH, artificial embolization on one, and stereotactic radiosurgery on one. The cerebral vascular malformations in HHT are not infrequent, and in particular the importance of computed tomography and cerebral angiography should be recognized in patients with pulmonary AVF associated with HHT.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / complications*
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / congenital
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / complications*
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic / complications*
  • Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome