Capillary hemangioma (infantile periocular hemangioma)

Surv Ophthalmol. 1994 Mar-Apr;38(5):399-426. doi: 10.1016/0039-6257(94)90172-4.


Capillary hemangiomas are the most common orbital tumors in children. They typically arise early in life, grow rapidly during a proliferative phase and then slowly regress in an involutional phase. The tumors may present as small isolated lesions of minimal clinical significance or as large disfiguring masses that can cause visual impairment and systemic symptomatology. Capillary hemangiomas are managed effectively by establishing a secure diagnosis, outlining the extent of the tumor, and understanding the natural history of the lesion, as well as its response to therapy. The ophthalmic and systemic manifestations of capillary hemangiomas are discussed in detail, as are the histopathology, radiologic findings, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic alternatives.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amblyopia / etiology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Hemangioma, Capillary / complications
  • Hemangioma, Capillary / diagnosis*
  • Hemangioma, Capillary / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Orbital Neoplasms / complications
  • Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Orbital Neoplasms / therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed