Delayed tension pneumopericardium after thoracotomy for penetrating chest trauma

Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jun;57(6):1658-60. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(94)90149-x.


Tension pneumopericardium is a rare entity typically described in premature infants requiring positive-pressure ventilation. However, recent reports suggest an increase in its occurrence in adults. A case of delayed postoperative tension pneumopericardium in an adult patient is presented with a review of the history, pathophysiology, presentation, and treatment of this entity.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Hemothorax / etiology
  • Humans
  • Lung / surgery*
  • Lung Injury*
  • Male
  • Pneumoperitoneum / etiology*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / etiology
  • Thoracic Injuries / surgery*
  • Thoracotomy / adverse effects*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / surgery*