Natural variation in mite antigen density in house dust and relationship to residential factors

Clin Exp Allergy. 1994 Mar;24(3):229-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.1994.tb00224.x.


To investigate the year-to-year variation of mite antigen density (Der p I, Der fI) in dust from mattresses and the relevance of residential factors for antigen load, information derived from an epidemiologic study including two surveys carried out in the households of a cohort of elementary school children (n = 1291) was analysed. When considering residences with measurements taken in both years in question (n = 1050), rank-correlation indicated a predominance of stability for both antigens (Der p I: rs = 0.82, P = 0.0001; Der f I: rs = 0.72, P = 0.0001). Using multiple regression analyses, significant associations between antigen concentrations and a variety of residential factors were found. Use of a blanket of animal hair, use of a cover or underblanket, wet spots in the bedroom, higher relative humidity and a low storey level were significantly associated with increased concentrations of Der p I, whereas inverse relationships between this antigen and room temperature, number of persons per m2 as well as use of underfloor heating were seen. Regarding Der fI, older mattresses, use of a cover or underblanket, higher weight of sampled dust, high educational level and higher ratio of inhabitants per m2 were significantly associated with increased concentrations of the antigen. On the other hand, lower Der fI concentrations were found when interior sprung mattresses were used and when the mattress was 'treated regularly'. In conclusion, two measurements, 1 year apart from each other, show that stability of mite antigen concentrations predominated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dust / analysis*
  • Glycoproteins / analysis*
  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mites / immunology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Seasons


  • Allergens
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Dust
  • Glycoproteins