Individual Placement and Support: a community mental health center approach to vocational rehabilitation

Community Ment Health J. 1994 Apr;30(2):193-206; discussion 207-12. doi: 10.1007/BF02188630.


Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is a vocational rehabilitation intervention for people with severe mental disabilities. IPS draws from components and philosophies of several other models. Employment specialists, who are part of the community mental health center team, provide services in the community. IPS emphasizes client preferences, rapid job finding, continuous assessment, competitive employment, integrated work settings, and follow-along supports. Initial research on IPS shows favorable results.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Community Mental Health Centers / organization & administration*
  • Community Mental Health Centers / statistics & numerical data
  • Employment
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational / standards*