Validation of the Geriatric Depression Scale--Short Form among inpatients

J Clin Psychol. 1994 Mar;50(2):256-60. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(199403)50:2<256::aid-jclp2270500218>;2-e.


Little is known about the diagnostic validity of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF), especially when compared to the original 30-item version (Geriatric Depression Scale-Long Form; GDS-LF). This study compared the GDS-SF and GDS-LF with a sample of depressed, demented, and thought-disordered inpatients. The GDS-SF and GDS-LF were found to be highly correlated (r = .89) and to have similar high sensitivity rates. The specificity rates for both forms were similar, but lower than desirable. Overall, the GDS-SF was found to be an adequate substitute for the GDS-LF.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dementia / classification
  • Dementia / diagnosis*
  • Dementia / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / classification
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Thinking*