Interviewing respondents who have English as a second language: challenges encountered and suggestions for other researchers

J Adv Nurs. 1994 Mar;19(3):566-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.1994.tb01122.x.


The increasing proportion of culturally diverse groups within the United Kingdom has meant that the issue of language barriers in the research situation must be addressed. The recruitment of respondents with English as a second language (ESL) to research studies is essential if their potentially unique and valid perspective is to be acknowledged. This can, however, pose several difficulties for the researcher which need to be recognized and addressed if valid data are to be collected. This paper outlines some of the challenges encountered in one study and describes strategies which were employed to meet these challenges.

MeSH terms

  • Communication Barriers*
  • Humans
  • Informed Consent
  • Interviews as Topic / methods*
  • Kinesics
  • Language*
  • Nursing Research / methods*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sampling Studies
  • United Kingdom