Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS: an etiologic review

J Gen Intern Med. 1994 Apr;9(4):232-6. doi: 10.1007/BF02600132.


In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acid-Base Imbalance* / etiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Humans
  • Water-Electrolyte Imbalance* / etiology