PTH-PTHrP receptor mRNA is downregulated in chronic renal failure

Am J Nephrol. 1994;14(1):41-6. doi: 10.1159/000168684.

Abstract

Resistance to the action of PTH is encountered in chronic renal failure (CRF). This was attributed to downregulation of PTH receptor due to the state of secondary hyperparathyroidism of CRF. The present study examined whether the amount of PTH-PTH-related peptide (PTH-PTHrP) mRNA in a traditional (kidney) and a nontraditional (liver) organs for PTH action was reduced in CRF. PTH-PTHrP mRNA was measured in kidney and liver obtained from normal rats, animals with CRF of 6 weeks' duration, normocalcemic parathyroidectomized CFR rats and from CRF and normal rats treated with verapamil. The mRNA of receptor was quantitated with Northern blot analysis of kidney RNA and liver poly A+ RNA. The relative amounts of mRNA of the PTH-PTHrP receptor to that of beta-actin in both kidney and liver of CRF rats were significantly (p < 0.01) lower than in normal animals. Parathyroidectomy of CRF rats was followed either by significant (p < 0.01) improvement (kidney) or normalization (liver) of the receptor mRNA. Treatment of CRF rats with verapamil also significantly (p < 0.01) improved the concentration of the receptor mRNA in the kidney. The data demonstrate that CRF is associated with downregulation of the PTH-PTHrP receptor mRNA in kidney and liver. This defect is partially or completely reversed by parathyroidectomy of the CRF rats or their treatment with verapamil. The decrease in the receptor mRNA would likely result in a decrease in PTH receptor synthesis and consequently PTH receptor numbers, and hence relative resistance to the action of PTH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Down-Regulation
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Parathyroid Hormone / genetics
  • Parathyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone / genetics
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Verapamil / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone
  • Verapamil
  • Calcium