Limited visual search on the WAIS Picture Completion test in patients with schizophrenia

Schizophr Res. 1994 Apr;12(1):75-80. doi: 10.1016/0920-9964(94)90086-8.


The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale was examined in 39 patients with schizophrenia, the visual cognitive task of Picture Completion showing the most impairment. In order to clarify the role of eye movements in Picture Completion, searching eye movements in 12 schizophrenic patients and 12 normal controls were recorded using an infrared eye-mark recorder. Schizophrenic patients as a group showed fewer eye fixations, and shorter total length of scan path than normal controls during the last 10 s of exposure to the picture. However, the patients who responded correctly, did so with a similar number of fixations and similar length of total scan path to those of normal controls. The patients who failed in the task took a significantly longer time for the first survey of the picture than the successful patients and normal controls. The less efficient strategy of visual search seen in the patients who failed might be a manifestation of poor reality testing and be related to frontal lobe dysfunction.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attention / physiology*
  • Eye Movements / physiology*
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular / physiology
  • Humans
  • Intelligence / physiology
  • Male
  • Orientation / physiology
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychophysiology
  • Saccades / physiology
  • Schizophrenia / diagnosis*
  • Schizophrenia / physiopathology
  • Schizophrenic Psychology*
  • Wechsler Scales / statistics & numerical data*