Different temporal patterns of expression result in the same type, amount, and distribution of filamin (ABP) in cardiac and skeletal myofibrils

Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1994;27(3):248-61. doi: 10.1002/cm.970270306.


The morphogenesis of functional myofibrils in chick skeletal and cardiac muscle occurs in greatly different time spans, in about 7 and 2 days, respectively. In chick skeletal myogenic cells, one isoform of the 250 kD actin-binding protein (ABP) filamin is associated with stress fiber-like structures of myoblasts and early myotubes, then disappears for approximately 4 days, whereupon a second filamin isoform reappears at the Z-disc periphery. We sought to determine if cardiac myogenesis involves this sequence of appearance, disappearance, and reappearance of a new filamin isoform in a compressed time scale. It was known that in mature heart, filamin is localized at the Z-disc periphery as in mature (fast) skeletal muscle, and is also associated with intercalated discs. We find that myocardial filamin has an apparent molecular weight similar to that of adult skeletal muscle filamin and lower than that of smooth muscle filamin, and that both skeletal and cardiac muscle contain roughly 200 filamin monomers per sarcomere. Two-dimensional peptide mapping shows that myocardial filamin is very similar to skeletal muscle filamin. Myocardial, slow skeletal, and fast skeletal muscle filamins are all phosphorylated, as previously shown for filamin of non-striated muscle. Using immunofluorescence, we found that filamin could not be detected in the developing heart until the 14-somite stage, when functional myofibrils exist and the heart has been beating for 3 to 4 hours. We conclude that in cardiac and skeletal myogenesis, different sequences of filamin gene expression result in myofibrils with similar filamin distributions and isoforms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chick Embryo
  • Chickens
  • Contractile Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Contractile Proteins / chemistry
  • Filamins
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Heart / embryology
  • Heart / growth & development
  • Microfilament Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Microfilament Proteins / chemistry
  • Molecular Weight
  • Muscle Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Muscle Proteins / chemistry
  • Muscles / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Myofibrils / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Time Factors


  • Contractile Proteins
  • Filamins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Muscle Proteins