Structural organization of the porcine and human genes coding for a Leydig cell-specific insulin-like peptide (LEY I-L) and chromosomal localization of the human gene (INSL3)

Genomics. 1994 Mar 1;20(1):13-9. doi: 10.1006/geno.1994.1121.


Leydig insulin-like protein (LEY I-L) is a member of the insulin-like hormone superfamily. The LEY I-L gene (designated INSL3) is expressed exclusively in prenatal and postnatal Leydig cells. We report here the cloning and nucleotide sequence of porcine and human LEY I-L genes including the 5' regions. Both genes consist of two exons and one intron. The organization of the LEY I-L gene is similar to that of insulin and relaxin. The transcription start site in the porcine and human LEY I-L gene is localized 13 and 14 bp upstream of the translation start site, respectively. Alignment of the 5' flanking regions of both genes reveals that the first 107 nucleotides upstream of the transcription start site exhibit an overall sequence similarity of 80%. This conserved region contains a consensus TATAA box, a CAAT-like element (GAAT), and a consensus SP1 sequence (GGGCGG) at equivalent positions in both genes and therefore may play a role in regulation of expression of the LEY I-L gene. The porcine and human genome contains a single copy of the LEY I-L gene. By in situ hybridization, the human gene was assigned to bands p13.2-p12 of the short arm of chromosome 19.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA / genetics
  • Exons
  • Humans
  • Insulin
  • Introns
  • Leydig Cells / metabolism
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Swine


  • Insulin
  • Leydig insulin-like protein
  • Proteins
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X73636
  • GENBANK/X73637