Natural History of Optic Pathway Tumors in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1: A Longitudinal Study

J Pediatr. 1994 Jul;125(1):63-6. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(94)70122-9.

Abstract

To assess the natural history of optic pathway tumors (OPT) in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), from January 1985 through May 1993 we performed a prospective, longitudinal study of OPT in an unselected population of children with NF-1. Of 227 children with NF-1 seen in a specialty clinic, 176 (77%) underwent neuroimaging. Children in whom tumors were identified were followed closely by both repeated neuroimaging and ophthalmologic examinations to detect tumor growth or visual deterioration. Thirty-three children (19%) were found to have OPT at a median age of 4.2 years. The median age of children who had ophthalmologic complaints was significantly lower than that of children who had no such complaints (1.9 vs 5.3 years; p < 0.001). Although eight tumors were discovered because of ophthalmologic complaints or evidence of precocious puberty, 25 children (76%) were free of symptoms at the time of diagnosis. Twenty-one children (64%) had normal ophthalmologic findings at diagnosis; six children, all with chiasmal tumors, had previously unrecognized decreased visual acuity. Only three children (9%) had evidence of either tumor growth or deteriorating vision after diagnosis; the median duration of neuroimaging follow-up was 2.4 years (range, 0.2 to 7.2 years) and of ophthalmologic examinations 3.4 years (range, 0.2 to 8.1 years). All symptomatic OPT were diagnosed before 6 years of age. We conclude that OPT rarely progress during the next few years in children with NF-1 once the OPT have been discovered. The utility of screening neuroimaging for OPT in symptom-free children with NF-1 appears very limited.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / complications
  • Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Glioma / complications
  • Glioma / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / complications
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / physiopathology*
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / complications
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / physiopathology*