Characterization of high-affinity receptors for bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide on the human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and DU-145: internalization of receptor bound 125I-(Tyr4) bombesin by tumor cells

Prostate. 1994 Jul;25(1):29-38. doi: 10.1002/pros.2990250105.


Specific receptors for bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) on the androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and DU-145 were characterized. No specific binding of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin to the androgen-dependent human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP was detectable. The binding of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin to PC-3 and DU-145 cells was found to be time- and temperature-dependent, saturable, and reversible. Scatchard analysis revealed a single class of binding sites with high affinity (Kd 9.8 x 10(-11) M for PC-3, and 9.1 x 10(-11) M for DU-145 cells at 25 degrees C) and with a binding capacity of 44,000 binding sites/cell and 19,000 binding sites/cell, respectively. Bound 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin was rapidly internalized by PC-3 cells. The nonhydrolyzable GTP analog GTP-gamma-S caused a dose-dependent inhibition of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin binding to PC-3 and DU-145 cells, indicating that a G-protein (guanine nucleotide-binding protein) couples the bombesin receptor to intracellular effector systems. Bombesin and GRP(14-27) inhibited the binding of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin to both cell lines in a dose-dependent manner with inhibition constants (Ki) of 0.5 nM and 0.4 nM, respectively. Both cell lines express the bombesin/GRP preferring bombesin receptor subtype, since, in displacement studies, neuromedin B was more than 200 times less potent than bombesin and GRP(14-27) in inhibiting the binding of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin. Two synthetic bombesin/GRP antagonists, RC-3095 and RC-3110, powerfully inhibited the specific binding of 125I-[Tyr4]-bombesin with Ki 0.92 nM and 0.26 nM on PC-3 cells, and 3.3 nM and 0.89 nM on DU-145 cells, respectively. These findings indicate that the PC-3 and DU-145 human prostate cancer cell lines possess specific high-affinity receptors for bombesin/GRP, and are suitable models for the evaluation of the antineoplastic activity of new bombesin/GRP antagonists in the treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bombesin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Bombesin / metabolism*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gastrin-Releasing Peptide
  • Gastrins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Male
  • Peptides / metabolism*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Bombesin / metabolism*
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Gastrins
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Peptides
  • Receptors, Bombesin
  • Gastrin-Releasing Peptide
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Bombesin