The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of a three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound system in volume estimation of abdominal organs in vitro. A mechanical sector scanner coupled to a stepping motor recorded images of porcine stomach and kidneys. The transducer was tilted through 88 degrees yielding 81 frames, and volume estimation was performed digitally after interactive manual contour indication and organ reconstruction in 3 dimensions. This 3D system showed good correlation (r = 0.998) between estimated and true volumes. Volume estimation of stomach and kidneys using 3.25 MHz probe demonstrated limits of agreement of 0.877 to 1.146 and 1.007 to 1.125, respectively, depicting estimated volumes as a proportion of true volumes in 95% of the examinations. Intra- and interobserver variation of the tracing procedure revealed low values. We conclude that this 3D ultrasound system performs high accuracy and precision in volume estimation.