Undernutrition in the nursing home: prevalence, consequences, causes and prevention

Nutr Rev. 1994 Apr;52(4):113-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1994.tb01403.x.

Abstract

Approximately 5% of Americans over age 65, or 1.5 million individuals, currently reside in the nation's 20,000 nursing homes. The authors present material that lead to three conclusions about this population. First, nutritional deficiencies are common underlying causes of adverse clinical outcomes. Second, nutritional deficiencies are frequently not recognized. Third, opportunities for preventing or correcting undernutrition exist, provided that the significant and reversible nature of the nutrient deficiencies are identified.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Chicago / epidemiology
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / complications*
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / therapy
  • Homes for the Aged*
  • Humans
  • Nursing Homes*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Prevalence
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / epidemiology*
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / etiology*
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / prevention & control