Dynamics of knee malalignment

Orthop Clin North Am. 1994 Jul;25(3):395-403.


The dynamics of malalignment are based on the combination of the static limb alignment and the dynamics of loading at the knee during walking and other activities of daily living. Dynamic loading at the knee can be influenced by subconscious control of limb position such as foot placement, active muscle contraction, passive soft-tissue stability, as well as the speed of walking. The loads that are generated during these dynamic activities are substantially greater than the loads that can be generated during static postures. Therefore, limb alignment based on static radiographic measurements provides one component to the complete analysis of the factors influencing loading at the knee joint. Loading at the knee joint is an important consideration in the progression of degenerative processes at the knee, as well as in the planning and selection of certain treatment modalities. Dynamic malalignment that occurs during activities such as gait should be considered in evaluating the progression of disease processes as well as the selection of appropriate treatment modalities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bone Malalignment / physiopathology*
  • Gait / physiology
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Weight-Bearing