Evaluation of assistive devices after a course in joint protection

Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Spring 1994;10(2):293-304. doi: 10.1017/s0266462300006255.


This study assessed a joint protection education program and investigated the costs and effects of assistive devices. Fifty-three women with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, whose ages ranged from 29 to 65 years, attended a standardized joint protection course (13 hours). A self-report questionnaire was constructed listing the most common devices, and the subjects were asked to check which devices they had received, which ones they used and did not use, and why. Pain during activities of daily living and when using assistive devices was measured using the visual analogue scale. Results show that the subjects reported great benefits from the joint protection course, assistive devices, and wrist orthosis. The women had tried 663 devices, 91% of which were still being used. Pain decreased significantly (p < .001) when using assistive devices. The utility of 11 devices at a cost of SEK 1,683 per person can be described as increased capacity and ability to work at home, work outside the home, and perform leisure activities with less pain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / economics
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / rehabilitation*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Orthotic Devices / economics
  • Orthotic Devices / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pain Measurement / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Education as Topic / economics
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Patient Education as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • Program Evaluation / methods
  • Program Evaluation / statistics & numerical data
  • Sweden