Basic gait parameters: reference data for normal subjects, 10-79 years of age

J Rehabil Res Dev. 1993;30(2):210-23.


Basic gait parameters were extracted from 233 healthy subjects--116 men and 117 women, 10 to 79 years of age. The measurements were made in a gait laboratory on a 5.5 m walkway. The results are presented in a series of reference tables for slow, normal, and fast gait. Mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, 95% confidence intervals, and 95% prediction intervals were calculated. Significant sex differences exist in all gait parameters. In a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) model, there was a statistically significant age-variability for gait speed and step length at normal and fast gait, but not for step frequency. In the step length parameter there was a significant interaction effect of age and sex at normal and fast gait. The reference data are considered valid in an indoor laboratory situation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Female
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values
  • Sex Factors