Selective reovirus infection of murine hepatocarcinoma cells during cell division. A model of viral liver infection

J Clin Invest. 1994 Jul;94(1):353-60. doi: 10.1172/JCI117329.

Abstract

Reovirus type 1, strain Lang (1/L), can infect hepatocytes in vivo only after hepatocellular damage is induced by hepatotoxins, surgical trauma, resection, or profound immunosuppression. To examine the role of cell cycle and cellular differentiation on liver cell susceptibility to reovirus infection, a murine hepatocarcinoma cell line, Hepa 1/A1, was infected with reovirus and assayed for the presence of infectious virus or reovirus antigen in cells. Despite a > 95% binding of reovirus to hepatocarcinoma cells as indicated by cytometric analysis; only 10% of hepatoma cells contained infectious virus by infectious center assay. In comparison, 100% of L cells were infected. Analysis of intracellular reovirus antigen revealed its presence in dividing but not in quiescent hepatocytes. This correlation of cellular division and cell capacity to support viral replication suggests that induction of hepatocyte proliferation may be a mechanism for liver susceptibility to reovirus infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / microbiology*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology
  • Cell Division
  • DNA Replication
  • Liver Neoplasms / microbiology*
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Receptors, Virus / analysis
  • Reoviridae Infections / etiology*
  • Virus Replication

Substances

  • Receptors, Virus