With 90 mM Ba2+, the main Ca2+ current in frog sympathetic neurons peaks near +30 mV and is blocked by omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CgTx). It is modulated by norepinephrine (NE) in a voltage-dependent manner via a membrane-delimited mechanism. Surprisingly, a different current dominates at more negative voltages (-30 to +10 mV). That novel current is not sensitive to selective blockers of L- or N-type channels (respectively, dihydropyridines or omega-CgTx) and is inhibited weakly if at all by NE. It is selectively inactivated at -40 mV and is selectively blocked by Ni2+, whereas Cd2+ is slightly more potent against the main current. The novel current is associated with a 19 pS channel (0.6 pA at 0 mV). This channel may have been misidentified as the single-channel correlate of the whole-cell N-type Ca2+ current in some previous studies.