We reviewed the charts of 23,068 patients (45,580 eyes) who were prescribed contact lenses in order to investigate the incidence of corneal complications in Japan. This population of patients included wearers of various types of conventional contact lenses as well as disposable extended wear lenses and daily disposable lenses. The rate of corneal complications and 95% confidence interval for each lens group were: polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) lenses, 15.8% (358 of 2,267 eyes, 14.3-17.3%); rigid gas permeable lenses, 10.5% (3,191 of 30,459 eyes, 10.2-10.8%); acrylelastomer lenses, 7.2% (nine of 124 eyes, 2.7-11.7%); HEMA lenses 8.5% (534 of 6,261 eyes, 7.8-9.2%); high water content lenses, 4.0% (103 of 2,591 eyes, 3.6-4.4%); weekly disposable lenses, 4.9% (146 of 2,985 eyes, 4.1-5.7%); and daily disposable lenses, 2.5% (22 of 893 eyes, 1.5-3.5%). PMMA lenses had a significantly higher rate of corneal complications compared with other lenses, whereas the daily disposable lens had a significantly lower rate for the same. The majority of corneal complications for all types of lenses consisted of superficial punctate keratopathy, and there were no cases of corneal ulcers.