A novel set of spliceosome-associated proteins and the essential splicing factor PSF bind stably to pre-mRNA prior to catalytic step II of the splicing reaction

EMBO J. 1994 Jul 15;13(14):3356-67.


We have isolated and determined the protein composition of the spliceosomal complex C. The pre-mRNA in this complex has undergone catalytic step I, but not step II, of the splicing reaction. We show that a novel set of 14 spliceosome-associated proteins (SAPs) and the essential splicing factor PSF are specifically associated with the C complex, implicating these proteins in catalytic step II. Significantly, immunodepletion and biochemical complementation studies demonstrate directly that PSF is essential for catalytic step II. Purified PSF is known to UV crosslink to pyrimidine tracts, and our data show that PSF UV crosslinks to pre-mRNA in purified C complex. Thus, PSF may replace the 3' splice site binding factor U2AF65 which is destabilized during spliceosome assembly. Finally, we show that SAPs 60 and 90, which are present in both the B and C complexes, are specifically associated with U4 and U6 snRNPs, and thus may have important roles in the functioning of these snRNPs during the splicing reaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Catalysis
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • PTB-Associated Splicing Factor
  • Peptide Fragments / analysis
  • RNA Precursors / analysis*
  • RNA Splicing*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / analysis*
  • Ribonucleoprotein, U4-U6 Small Nuclear / analysis
  • Spliceosomes / chemistry*
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • PTB-Associated Splicing Factor
  • Peptide Fragments
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Ribonucleoprotein, U4-U6 Small Nuclear