Ethnic variation in frequency of an allelic polymorphism of human Fc gamma RIIA determined with allele specific oligonucleotide probes

J Immunol Methods. 1994 Aug 1;173(2):207-17. doi: 10.1016/0022-1759(94)90299-2.

Abstract

We have genotyped 53 individuals from three ethnic groups (Japanese, Chinese, Asian Indian) for an allotypic polymorphism of a widely expressed low affinity Fc receptor for IgG (Fc gamma RIIA). The method, requiring PCR amplification of genomic DNA and Southern analysis with allele specific oligonucleotide probes, detects a single nucleotide difference (G or A) at base 494 which results in an arginine (R) or histidine (H) at amino acid 131 of the Fc gamma RIIA protein. This polymorphism has been shown to determine the affinity of the receptor for hIgG2; Fc gamma RIIA-H131 has a high affinity for hIgG2, while Fc gamma RIIA-R131 binds hIgG2 weakly. We found that the Japanese and Chinese groups have an increased frequency of the H/H131 allotype (61 and 50% respectively) as compared to the Caucasian group (23%), in agreement with previously reported phenotype data. The genotype distribution of the Asian Indian group was not different from our Caucasian group. The shifts in frequency of the R131 and H131 alleles in different populations may have implications for disease susceptibility when the hIgG2 antibody isotype predominates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Antigens, CD*
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • China / ethnology
  • DNA / analysis
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • India / ethnology
  • Japan / ethnology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Ohio
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Receptors, IgG / chemistry
  • Receptors, IgG / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid

Substances

  • Antigens, CD
  • DNA Primers
  • Fc gamma receptor IIA
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Receptors, IgG
  • DNA