Sociodemographic characteristics of adolescent smokers

Int J Addict. 1994 May;29(7):913-25. doi: 10.3109/10826089409047917.


In this study we examined the interdependence of a broad range of sociodemographic characteristics in a large sample of 15-year-old smokers and nonsmokers. The most prominent risk factors for smoking included the father figure not being the natural father, low family SES, and the young person having a recent part-time job. In particular, the number of adverse sociodemographic conditions present was associated with an increased likelihood of daily smoking at ages 15 and 18. It is estimated that over a 1-year period the cost of cigarettes consumed by 15-year-olds alone is NZ$4.6 million. Use of sociodemographic characteristics to target adolescents at risk of becoming smokers is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Employment
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Population Dynamics
  • Prevalence
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / ethnology
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Social Class
  • Social Conditions*