Computerized statistical analysis of corneal topography for the evaluation of changes in corneal shape after surgery

Am J Ophthalmol. 1994 Aug 15;118(2):177-84. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)72897-1.


We examined 20 patients for the effect of a 3-mm sutureless temporal clear corneal incision cataract operation on corneal topography, as recorded with the computer-assisted video-keratoscope TMS-1 (Computed Anatomy, Inc., New York, New York). Each topographic image was cut into 178 fields in eight concentric rings. The refractive values of these fields were stored in a database. The mean differences between the preoperative and one-month postoperative findings were calculated and transformed into color-coded maps as output for the statistical analysis. The patients operated on showed a mean flattening of 0.4 to 1.0 diopter in the temporal region. This was statistically significant by paired Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. There was no significant vertical steepening or nasal flattening, except in two isolated fields. For control purposes, we twice examined 20 age-matched volunteers who were not operated on. The paired Wilcoxon tests of this group did not show significant changes. When compared with Cravy's vector analysis, induced topographic change analysis is better at evaluating surgically induced corneal shape changes.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Astigmatism / diagnosis
  • Astigmatism / etiology
  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects*
  • Cornea / pathology*
  • Cornea / surgery
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / statistics & numerical data*
  • Lenses, Intraocular
  • Suture Techniques