We treated five patients with vestibular neuritis who had strabismus. Three of them spontaneously noted vertical diplopia. During the following weeks and months, strabismus progressively resolved, indicating the recently acquired nature of the oculomotor condition. In three of these individuals, a change in visual vertical and cyclo-torsion of the globes suggested that strabismus was a form of skew deviation that occurred as a part of an ocular tilt reaction resulting from the peripheral vestibular lesion. Strabismus appears to occur frequently in this common vestibular condition.