Interactions of astringent substances

Chem Senses. 1994 Apr;19(2):141-54. doi: 10.1093/chemse/19.2.141.


Two-component mixtures of astringent materials were rated for perceived intensity of astringent and taste attributes over time. Components included alum (a complex salt), gallic acid (the monomeric component of hydrolyzable tannins), catechin (the monomeric component of condensed tannins) and citric acid. Mixtures of alum and gallic acid showed mixture suppression, in that the 50/50 mixture was less intense than either component in astringency, drying, roughing and puckery/drawing sensations. Suppression was seen at concentration levels producing moderate to strong astringency but was absent or less pronounced at lower concentration levels. A similar pattern held for citric acid, although the suppressive effects were less pronounced. Catechin and gallic acid mixtures were additive. Sensory interactions between astringent materials appears to depend on the substances involved and their concentrations (or intensity levels).

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alum Compounds / pharmacology
  • Astringents / pharmacology*
  • Catechin / pharmacology
  • Citrates / pharmacology
  • Citric Acid
  • Drug Interactions
  • Female
  • Gallic Acid / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Tannins / pharmacology
  • Taste / drug effects*


  • Alum Compounds
  • Astringents
  • Citrates
  • Tannins
  • Citric Acid
  • aluminum sulfate
  • Gallic Acid
  • Catechin