Intermediate-term results of a randomized clinical trial of the 350- versus the 500-mm2 Baerveldt implant

Ophthalmology. 1994 Aug;101(8):1456-63; discussion 1463-4. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(94)31152-3.


Background: The Baerveldt glaucoma implant is a large equatorial aqueous shunting device that is installed through a single-quadrant conjunctival incision. The intermediate-term results of a randomized study comparing the 350- and 500-mm2 Baerveldt implants are reported.

Methods: Seventy-three patients with medically uncontrollable, nonneovascular glaucomas associated with aphakia, pseudophakia, or failed filters were enrolled in a randomized, prospective study comparing 350- and 500-mm2 Baerveldt implants. Surgical success was defined as 6 mmHg < or = final intraocular pressure < or = 21 mmHg without glaucoma reoperation or devastating complication.

Results: Of patients with 350- and 500-mm2 implants, 93% and 88%, respectively, achieved surgical success (18-month life-table analysis, P = 0.93). The 500-mm2 implants afforded intraocular pressure control with significantly fewer medications (0.7 versus 1.3; P = 0.006). The postoperative visual acuities remained within one line of the preoperative visual acuities or improved in 62% and 66% of patients in the 350- and 500-mm2 groups, respectively (P = 0.93). Complication rates were statistically similar. The most frequent ones in the 350- and 500-mm2 groups, respectively, were serous choroidal effusion (16% and 32%), strabismus (16% and 19%), anterior uveitis (14% and 11%), and corneal or corneal graft edema (11% each).

Conclusion: The intermediate-term results of the 350- and 500-mm2 Baerveldt implants were statistically comparable with respect to surgical and visual outcomes, as well as complications, although the larger implant was associated with a higher rate of some complications. However, the 500-mm2 Baerveldt implant afforded intraocular pressure control with fewer medications than the 350-mm2 implant.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Drainage / instrumentation
  • Glaucoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Glaucoma / etiology
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography