Evaluation of a tidal expiratory flow index in healthy and diseased infants

Pediatr Pulmonol. 1994 May;17(5):285-90. doi: 10.1002/ppul.1950170504.

Abstract

Patterns of tidal respiratory flow have been shown to relate well to airway function in adults, and one epidemiological study in infants has demonstrated the value of the ratio of time to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to the total expiratory time (tpef/te) in predicting subsequent wheezing. The aim of this study was to evaluate tpef/te as a measure of lung function, by sequential observations over the first year, on a group of 22 healthy infants and on 32 infants with a history of mild recurrent lower respiratory illness (LRI), and by single observations on 20 infants with asthma and 20 with severe chronic lung disease of prematurity. We compared tpef/te measured in quiet, supine sleep (under sedation) through a face mask and pneumotachograph, with a measure of airway function, maximal flow at functional residual capacity (VmaxFRC), obtained from partial forced expiratory flow volume loops using the "squeeze" technique. In healty infants tpet/te was significantly longer at 1 month than at 6 months (median values, 0.38 (95% CI, 0.36-0.43) and 0.28 (95% CI, 0.26-0.33), respectively). Between 6 and 12 months tpef/te did not alter significantly and it was independent of VmaxFRC. Both tpef and te as well as their ratio varied with frequency of breathing over the first year of life, but not within each individual age band, due to the narrow spread of frequencies at each age. In assessing airway obstruction, tpef/te was less sensitive than VmaxFRC. There was no difference between healthy infants, those with LRI, and infants with asthma.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asthma / physiopathology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Peak Expiratory Flow Rate
  • Reference Values
  • Tidal Volume*