Effects of hyperoxia on T2* and resonance frequency weighted magnetic resonance images of rodent tumours

NMR Biomed. 1994 Mar;7(1-2):3-11. doi: 10.1002/nbm.1940070103.


Experiments were performed to determine whether T2* and resonance frequency weighted MR images are sensitive to effects of hyperoxia on model tumors. Hyperoxia can increase tumor oxygen tension and thus affect T2* and/or the average resonance frequency within each image voxel due to the paramagnetism of oxygen itself or through modulation of the oxidation state of hemoglobin. Alternatively, changes in T2* during hyperoxia may reflect changes in tumor water content due to changes in systemic blood pressure. Mammary adenocarcinomas implanted in the flanks of rats were studied. Imaging sequences were preceded by two 90 degrees pulses separated by an evolution period of 50 or 75 ms and followed by a crusher gradient to eliminate transverse magnetization. This pulse sequence produced images which were sensitized to both T2* and the average resonance frequency of each voxel. Images were produced at 2 T using a gradient echo imaging method with a TR of 3 s. Images obtained during inhalation of air and 100% O2 were compared. Significant increases in image intensity were observed in most tumors during hyperoxia, particularly at the tumor center. The increase was accentuated when the evolution period was increased and greatly reduced when a 180 degrees refocusing pulse was placed at the center of the evolution period. These results suggest that hyperoxia reduces local magnetic susceptibility gradients leading to an increase in T2* or causes a shift in resonance frequency. The magnitude of this change may be a function of the rate at which oxygen is delivered to and metabolized by tumors and may also reflect tumor oxygen tension under normoxic conditions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis*
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / diagnosis*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Oxygen / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344


  • Oxygen