Cloning and characterization of cDNAs encoding mouse Ugt1.6 and rabbit UGT1.6: differential induction by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

Biochemistry. 1994 Aug 30;33(34):10513-20. doi: 10.1021/bi00200a037.


In this report, cDNAs for mouse liver Ugt1.6 and rabbit liver UGT1.6 have been cloned and characterized. The predicted amino acid sequence of mouse Ugt1.6 is 93% and 78% similar to the rat and human UGT1.6 sequences, respectively, while the rabbit UGT1.6 is 79% and 83% similar to the rat and human UGT1.6 sequences, respectively. To examine the substrate specificities of the proteins encoded by the mouse Ugt1.6 and rabbit UGT1.6 cDNAs, the recombinants were expressed in monkey kidney COS-1 cells. Transfection of the mouse and rabbit recombinants allowed for the expression of the UGT1.6 proteins as determined by immunoprecipitation of newly synthesized protein. The expressed UGTs conjugated small planar phenolic molecules such as 4-nitrophenol, 1-naphthol, and 4-methylumbelliferone. While the bulky phenol 4-hydroxybiphenyl was not a substrate for the enzymes, 2-hydroxybiphenyl was an excellent substrate. Androgens and estrogens were not conjugated by either mouse Ugt1.6 or rabbit UGT1.6. In rodents, UGT1.6 mRNA is expressed constitutively and induced when the animals are treated with the Ah receptor ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Using wild-type mouse hepatoma cells and the Ah receptor deficient class II cells, it was demonstrated that induction of mouse Ugt1.6 was dependent upon a functional Ah receptor complex. However, when New Zealand white rabbits were treated with TCDD and liver mRNA was examined by Northern blot analysis, it was shown that TCDD had no effect on the induction of UGT1.6 mRNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics*
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins / pharmacology*
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Substrate Specificity


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Glucuronosyltransferase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U09030
  • GENBANK/U09930