Epidemiology of necrotizing enterocolitis

Clin Perinatol. 1994 Jun;21(2):205-18. doi: 10.1016/S0095-5108(18)30341-5.


The descriptive epidemiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is presented. Areas addressed include incidence, race, sex, age of onset, mortality rates, and endemic versus epidemic disease. Both descriptive and case control studies are reviewed to uncover clues relevant to the causes, pathogenesis, and prevention of NEC.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / complications
  • Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / epidemiology*
  • Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / mortality
  • Epidemiologic Factors
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Risk Factors