Patients with ICF syndrome can be recognized by the presence of a variable immunodeficiency, instability of the pericentromeric heterochromatin of, in particular, chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 in cultured peripheral lymphocytes, and a number of facial anomalies. Recently, aberrations at the molecular level have been described, consisting of alterations in the methylation pattern of classical satellite DNA, in a number of patients. ICF syndrome is considered to be inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and may be rare, as only 14 patients have been described thus far. We present a new case, a boy with agammaglobulinemia, who was extensively studied by means of classical cytogenetics and fluorescent in situ hybridization. All patients previously reported in the literature are reviewed.