Microcompartmentation of energy metabolism at the outer mitochondrial membrane: role in diabetes mellitus and other diseases

J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1994 Jun;26(3):317-25. doi: 10.1007/BF00763103.


Complexes made up of the kinases, hexokinase and glycerol kinase, together with the outer mitochondrial membrane voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) protein, porin, and the inner mitochondrial membrane protein, the adenine nucleotide translocator, are involved in tumorigenesis, diabetes mellitus, and central nervous system function. Identification of these two mitochondrial membrane proteins, along with an 18 kD protein, as components of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor, provides independent confirmation of the interaction of porin and the adenine nucleotide translocator to form functional contact sites between the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes. We suggest that these are dynamic structures, with channel conductances altered by the presence of ATP, and that ligand-mediated conformational changes in the porin-adenine nucleotide translocator complexes may be a general mechanism in signal transduction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus / metabolism*
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Glycerol Kinase / metabolism
  • Hexokinase / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Mitochondria / ultrastructure
  • Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Porins*
  • Receptors, GABA-A / metabolism
  • Voltage-Dependent Anion Channels


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Porins
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • Voltage-Dependent Anion Channels
  • Hexokinase
  • Glycerol Kinase