In the present paper we report the isolation and characterization of the sequence of two genomic DNA fragments coding for the histone H2A of Trypanosoma cruzi. An analysis of the predicted amino acid sequence shows the presence of the amino-terminal motif characteristic of the H2A histones proteins and the Lys-Lys motif reported to be the site for the ubiquitin attachment. Southern blots of total parasite DNA probed with the H2A sequence suggested that the T. cruzi histone H2A gene is encoded in two independent gene clusters. The molecular karyotyping of the parasite indicated that these two clusters locate in a single chromosome of about 700 kb in length. The T. cruzi H2A mRNA is polyadenylated as are the basal histone mRNAs of higher eukaryotes and the histone mRNAs of yeast. By polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing and by S1 mapping we determined respectively the 5' and 3' end of the gene showing that the miniexon is added to the mRNA 71 nucleotides upstream of the ATG initiation codon and that the polyadenylation site locates in nucleotide position 773-775 close to invert repeats.