Arteriovenous differences in PCO2 and cardiac output during CPR in the dog

Resuscitation. 1994 May;27(3):255-9. doi: 10.1016/0300-9572(94)90039-6.


Using 14 mongrel dogs, we investigated the correlation between arteriovenous differences of PCO2 (AVD-CO2) and cardiac output (CO) during CPR. Ventricular fibrillation was induced by an electrical current and the respirator was stopped for 5 min. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed during the next 10 min and CO was measured with simultaneous arterial and venous blood gas analysis. CO was measured 26 times during CPR. The animals were divided into two groups according to the values of CO during CPR: low-CO group (CO < 0.3 l/min) and high-CO group (CO > or = 0.3 l/min). AVD-CO2 in the low CO group was 39.8 +/- 5.7 mmHg and that of the high group was 27.4 +/- 14.8 mmHg (mean +/- S.D., P < 0.05). In conclusion, AVD-CO2 showed an inverse result with the degree of CO during CPR.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon Dioxide / blood*
  • Cardiac Output / physiology*
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
  • Dogs
  • Heart Arrest / blood
  • Heart Arrest / physiopathology
  • Heart Arrest / therapy*
  • Partial Pressure
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / blood
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / physiopathology
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / therapy*


  • Carbon Dioxide