We describe new colorimetric methods for the direct determination of total solid-supported sulfydryl, aldehydo, hydrazido, and N-hydroxysuccinimido carboxylate groups as well as of immobilized cysteine, tyrosine, and thyroxin using only the commercially available bicinchoninic acid/copper protein assay reagent. The method is based on the ability of these groups to reduce Cu2+ to Cu+, which forms a chelate complex with bicinchoninic acid absorbing at 562 nm. Each assay requires only one incubation step of the solids with the reagent for 1 h at 60 degrees C. The quantitation of the different groups is finally carried out through standard curves of appropriate substances. Using the assays developed we determined the amount of the above-mentioned functional groups and ligands onto several commercially available solid supports. The values obtained were in agreement with those provided by relative literature methods and/or by the manufacturers. The assays were found to be accurate, precise (interassay CV less than 3%), and very sensitive, allowing the determination of nmol quantities of functional groups per assay tube.