Evaluation of a caregiver education program: home oxygen therapy for infants

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1994 Jun;23(5):429-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.1994.tb01900.x.


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a structured education program for increasing caregiver knowledge of infants discharged on home oxygen therapy.

Design: The study used a one-group pretest-posttest design with recruitment of subjects between May 1988 and May 1989.

Setting/participants: All subjects were primary caregivers of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia who were discharged from a tertiary-care center. Eighteen caregivers of 10 infants entered and completed the study.

Interventions: The education program included a booklet, videotape, and practical session. A pretest was administered immediately before the caregiver entered the program, and a posttest was administered immediately after caregiver completion of the program. A delayed posttest was administered 6 weeks after the infant's discharge from the hospital.

Main outcome measure: The difference between the mean scores on the pretest and posttest.

Results: Posttest scores were significantly higher than pretest scores (t = 4.22; p < .01).

Conclusion: The significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores was due to the education program. The effects of history and maturation on posttest scores were minimal.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alberta
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / therapy
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Home Care Services
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Care
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Oxygen Inhalation Therapy*
  • Parents / education*