Evidence for the validity of the Short-form 36 Questionnaire (SF-36) in an elderly population

Age Ageing. 1994 May;23(3):182-4. doi: 10.1093/ageing/23.3.182.


The objective of this study was to determine whether the Short-form 36 Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36) is suitable for use in an elderly population. The SF-36 was administered by interview to a random sample of 827 adults from West Glamorgan. Among the 216 adults aged 65 and over the data were 98.8% complete. Evidence for a high degree of internal consistency was good with Cronbach's alpha statistic exceeding 0.8 for each parameter. The evidence for construct validity was also good with the SF-36 distinguishing between those with and without markers of poorer health. The SF-36 is suitable for use with an elderly population when used in an interview setting.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / classification
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology